By John J. Accordino
The finish of the chilly conflict in 1989 gave upward push to hopes for a brand new, extra peaceable overseas approach and for the redirection of army expenditures―over one-half of annual U.S. federal discretionary spending―toward schooling and overall healthiness care, renewing the nation's infrastructure, environmental mitigation, and replacement power assets. initially of the twenty first Century, U.S. army spending is still caught at eighty five% of the chilly warfare average.
Why? As Accordino explains, on the federal point, the Iron Triangle produced from the Pentagon, security contractors, and a conservative Congress maintained safeguard spending at chilly warfare degrees, encouraging contractors to stick fascinated about protection. whilst a few procurement cutbacks and base closures happened, progress pursuits recruited lower-wage department crops, activities, and leisure amenities, instead of aiding the labor of safety conversion that creates higher-paying jobs. however, a few safety contractors and group pursuits did embody conversion, displaying striking capability. Of specific curiosity to students and researchers concerned with city and nearby making plans, public management and native politics, and local fiscal development.
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Captives of the Cold War Economy: The Struggle for Defense Conversion in American Communities by John J. Accordino